On July 4, 2023, the European Commission published its proposal for a regulation laying down additional procedural rules relating to the enforcement of the GDPR. The aim of the proposed Regulation is to clarify and harmonize the procedural rules that apply when EU supervisory authorities investigate complaint-based and ex officio cross-border cases (i.e., where the relevant processing conducted by a controller or processor spans multiple Member States, resulting in a “lead” authority and additional “concerned” authorities). If adopted, the Regulation will sit alongside the GDPR, complementing the existing cooperation and consistency mechanisms set forth in Chapter VII.
On February 20, 2023, the European Commission launched an initiative to further specify procedural aspects relating to the enforcement of the GDPR (“ procedural initiative”). The aim of the procedural initiative is to clarify the administrative procedure that applies in cross-border investigations and enforcement under the GDPR. These rules are expected to clarify and complement the existing rules on cooperation and dispute resolution under GDPR Articles 60 and 65.
This procedural initiative was announced in the Commission’s work program for 2023, and the text of the proposal is not yet available. The European Commission is expecting to publish a draft regulation on procedural rules relating to the enforcement of the GDPR in Q2 2023.…
Update: On January 12, 2023, the Court of Justice of the European Union sided with the Advocate General’s opinion, confirming that a data subject can lodge a complaint with a Supervisory Authority and, concurrently, lodge judicial redress proceedings against the same controller/processor for damages resulting from the alleged GDPR violation.
More specifically, the CJEU held that the remedies provided for in Article 77(1) and Article 78(1) GDPR, on the one hand, and Article 79(1) GDPR, on the other, can be exercised in parallel and are independent of each other. Concerning the material outcome of the case, the referring court must determine how to implement the remedies, in line with national procedural law.
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On September 8, 2022, the Advocate General (“AG”) of the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) opined that data subjects should be able to lodge a complaint with a Supervisory Authority against a controller/processor for allegedly breaching the GDPR and, in parallel, lodge judicial redress proceedings against the same controller/processor for damages resulting from the alleged GDPR violation.
The case that was referred to the CJEU relates to a shareholder’s request to access audio recordings of a company meeting. The company provided the shareholder only with extracts of his/her interventions. Subsequently, the shareholder filed a complaint with the Hungarian Supervisory Authority for a breach of his/her right of access and asking the Supervisory Authority to order the company to disclose additional recordings. The Supervisory Authority rejected the complaint. As a result, the shareholder appealed the Supervisory Authority’s decision before a court and in parallel initiated separate judicial proceedings against the company asking for remedies for damages suffered.…