data minimization

On January 27, 2020, the French Supervisory Authority (“CNIL”) issued a guidance for developers of websites and applications which sets out the main principles of the General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), expounds on their application in the online environment, and gives practical tips to help developers respect users’ privacy when deploying websites and apps.

The guidance consists of 17 recommendations, each covering a key principle supported by additional advice and examples.  Below, we list all 17 of these recommendations and provide a brief summary of the CNIL’s advice related to each.Continue Reading French Supervisory Authority Publishes Guidance for Website and App Developers

Yesterday, the Federal Trade Commission released a staff report on the Internet of Things (“IoT”) that provides best practice recommendations for addressing privacy and security risks associated with IoT products and services.  The report, Internet of Things: Privacy & Security in a Connected World, also summarizes findings from the FTC’s 2013 IoT workshop.  In the report, the FTC staff defines “IoT” as “devices or sensors – other than computers, smartphones, or tablets – that connect, communicate or transmit information with or between each other through the Internet.”  Examples of IoT products and services include smart home appliances, connected car services, and fitness trackers.

For industry, the most significant sections of the report are the staff’s privacy and security recommendations, which fall into three main categories: (1) security, (2) data minimization, and (3) notice and choice.  These recommendations are technology-neutral and applicable across a wide range of technologies.  The report also addresses the staff’s view on the need for legislation.

The Commissioners voted 4 to 1 in favor of issuing the report.  Commissioner Maureen Ohlhausen issued a separate statement that generally supported the report while declining to endorse a couple of its recommendations.  Commissioner Joshua Wright dissented from the issuance of the report.   The remainder of this blog post analyzes the report’s recommendations and the commissioners’ statements in greater detail.Continue Reading FTC Internet of Things Report Outlines Privacy and Security Recommendations for Industry

The Article 29 Data Protection Working Party (“Working Party”), the independent European advisory body on data protection and privacy, comprised of representatives of the data protection authorities of each of the EU member states, the European Data Protection Supervisor (the “EDPS”) and the European Commission, has identified a number of significant data protection challenges related to the Internet of Things. Its recent Opinion 08/2014 on the Recent Developments on the Internet of Things (the “Opinion”), adopted on September 16, 2014 provides guidance on how the EU legal framework should be applied in this context. The Opinion complements earlier guidance on apps on smart devices (see InsidePrivacy, EU Data Protection Working Party Sets Out App Privacy Recommendations, March 15, 2013).
Continue Reading Internet of Things Poses a Number of Significant Data Protection Challenges, Say EU Watchdogs

A recent statement from the Article 29 Working Party, the independent European advisory body on data protection and privacy, comprised of representatives of the national data protection authorities of the EU Member States, the European Data Protection Supervisor and the European Commission, finds that the EU data protection principles, outlined in the EU Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC, are still valid and appropriate for the development and use of big data analysis.

The statement responded to recent calls by stakeholders that certain data protection principles under EU law should be “substantially reviewed” to enable promising developments in big data operations. The Article 29 Working Party Statement, adopted on September 16, 2014, acknowledged that challenges presented by big data might require “innovative thinking” on how to address key data protection principles; but, the protection of personal data remains fundamentally engrained in building trust between companies and consumers.Continue Reading Article 29 Working Party Emphasizes Importance of Personal Data Protection for Big Data Operations and Development

Data is everywhere. The amount of data on the global level is growing by 50 percent annually. 90 [percent] of the world’s data has been generated within the past two years alone,” explains the International Working Group on Data Protection in Telecommunications in their Opinion of May 6, 2014, titled, “Working Paper on Big Data and Privacy: Privacy principles under pressure in the age of Big Data analytics“. The Working Group, founded in 1983, has adopted numerous recommendations and since the beginning of the 90s focused on the protection on privacy on the Internet. Its members include representatives from data protection authorities and other bodies of national public administrations, international organizations and scientists from all over the world.


Continue Reading Big Data Analysis is Possible Without Infringing Key Privacy Principles, Says International Working Group

“The evolution of big data has exposed gaps in EU competition, consumer protection and data protection policies”, said Peter Hustinx, the European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS), when presenting the EDP’s preliminary opinion on the interplay between these three policy areas. The Opinion titled “Privacy and Competitiveness in the Age of Big Data”, issued on 26 March 2014, (the Opinion) aims at stimulating a debate between experts and practitioners. The EDPS’ preliminary opinions are not legally binding but intended to inform and facilitate discussion.Continue Reading The New EDPS Opinion “Privacy and Competitiveness in the Age of Big Data”