Archives: European Union

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Validity of EU Standard Contractual Clauses Referred to CJEU

By Joseph Jones and Ruth Scoles Mitchell On October 3, 2017, the Irish High Court referred Data Protection Commissioner v Facebook Ireland Limited [2016 No. 4809 P.] to the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”).  The case, commonly referred to as Schrems II, is based on a complaint by Max Schrems concerning the transfer … Continue Reading

EU Announces Major New Cybersecurity Plans

Last week, in his annual State of the European Union Address, the President of the European Commission Jean-Claude Juncker called out cybersecurity as a key priority for the European Union in the year ahead.  In terms of ranking priorities, President Juncker placed tackling cyber threats just one place below the EU leading the fight against … Continue Reading

GDPR Contracts and Liabilities Between Controllers and Processors

On 13 September, the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) published draft guidance on GDPR contracts and liabilities on contracts between controllers and processors under the GDPR (the “Guidance”).  The ICO is consulting on the Guidance until 10 October.  We summarize the key aspects of the Guidance below.… Continue Reading

New Ruling in European Employee Monitoring Case

On September 5, 2017, the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights (“ECtHR”) issued its ruling on appeal in the case of Bărbulescu v. Romania, concerning alleged unlawful workplace monitoring of Mr. Barbulescu’s private communications. Overturning the ECtHR’s prior ruling in the case (covered by Inside Privacy here), the Grand Chamber held that … Continue Reading

UK Government Proposes Cybersecurity Law with Serious Fines

Earlier this month, the UK Government published a consultation on plans to implement the EU Directive on security of network and information systems (the “NIS Directive”, otherwise known as the Cybersecurity Directive).  The consultation includes a proposal to fine firms that fail to implement “appropriate and proportionate security measures” up to EUR 20 million or … Continue Reading

CJEU: EU-Canada proposed agreement on the transfer of Passenger Name Record data does not conform to EU data protection law standards

By Dan Cooper and Rosie Klement On July 26, 2017, the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU) published Opinion 1-15 (the “Opinion”) on the proposed agreement between the European Union and Canada on the transfer and processing of passenger name record (“PNR”) data (the “Agreement”).  The Agreement was signed in 2014, but the CJEU … Continue Reading

Impact Assessment Institute Releases Report Critical of Commission’s Case for E-Privacy Regulation

By Lisa Peets, Ezra Steinhardt, and Rosie Klement On July 14, 2017, the Impact Assessment Institute (“IAI”) (an independent institute committed to impartial impact assessment and scientific evaluation of policy and legislation in the EU) published a study assessing the impact assessment carried out by the European Commission in connection with the Commission’s proposal for … Continue Reading

EU Article 29 Working Party Releases Extensive GDPR Guidance on Data Processing at Work

By Dan Cooper and Rosie Klement The EU’s Article 29 Working Party (“WP29”) has issued new guidance on data processing in the employment context (available here).  Adopted on June 8, 2017, the guidance primarily takes account of the existing data protection framework under the EU Data Protection Directive (Directive 95/46/EC), but also considers the developments coming … Continue Reading

EU Data Protection Authorities Urge European Commission to Ensure Rigor in First Annual Privacy Shield Review

The Article 29 Working Party (“WP29”), a group consisting of representatives from each European data protection authority, the European Data Protection Supervisor, and the European Commission, yesterday issued a press release detailing its recommendations for the first Annual Joint Review of the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield (“Privacy Shield”), which will take place in September 2017.  Specifically, … Continue Reading

European Cloud in Health Advisory Council Calls For Review of eHealth Rules and Ethics of Medical Data Re-Use

In a new post on the Covington Digital Health blog, our colleagues discuss a new European Cloud in Health Advisory Council whitepaper calling for a review of European healthcare data protection rules holding back greater adoption of cloud computing and AI; and for more discussion about the ethics and governance of re-use of patient data for research and planning.  To read … Continue Reading

First Annual Privacy Shield Review Will Comprehensively Assess the Framework

The first annual review of the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield (“Privacy Shield”) is scheduled to occur in September 2017 in Washington, D.C.  The first review is particularly important for the nascent framework, as regulators in both the U.S. and the EU are expected to closely scrutinize the operation of the first year of the Privacy Shield, … Continue Reading

Developments in the Right to Be Forgotten

As we approach the May 2018 effective date of the EU General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”), there have been a number of global developments over the last few months with respect to the so-called “right to be forgotten,” which will be codified under Article 17 of the GDPR. European Developments In the EU, we previously … Continue Reading

UK Starts 3-Week Consultation on GDPR Implementation

On Thursday, April 20th, the UK government launched a “Call for Views” regarding the UK’s options for the implementation of the new EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) at national level.  The consultation deadline is May 10th, at mid-day UK time. Although the GDPR was an effort to bring greater harmonization to data protection regimes … Continue Reading

Irish Data Protection Commissioner Releases 2016 Annual Report

By Denitsa Marinova On April 11, 2017, the Data Protection Commissioner of Ireland (DPC) published her annual report for 2016, highlighting key developments and activities for the past year and outlining priorities for 2017 and beyond.  The report will be of interest to Irish entities and multinational organizations with a base in Ireland, including companies … Continue Reading

Privacy Shield Approaches 2,000 Participants; Review Scheduled for September

Nearly 2,000 organizations are now listed as self-certified to the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield on the Department of Commerce’s (“Commerce”) Privacy Shield website.  Given current developments on both sides of the Atlantic, there are likely to be significant Privacy Shield developments in the coming months. EU Justice Commissioner Věra Jourová recently concluded her visit to the … Continue Reading

UK Company Fined For Buying And Selling Non-Compliant Marketing Databases

The UK Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO), which enforces data protection legislation in the UK, has fined a company £20,000 (approximately 24,000 USD / 23,000 EUR) for not exercising sufficient due diligence when buying and using marketing databases. The ICO found that over 580,000 individuals’ contact details had been obtained by The Data Supply Company Ltd … Continue Reading

Italian DPA Issues Record Data Privacy Fine

By Luca Tosoni and Dan Cooper On 2 February 2017, the Italian DPA (“Garante”) imposed a record fine of 5,880,000 Euros on a UK company operating in Italy for its violation of the data privacy consent rules contained in Italian law.  This is the largest data privacy fine ever issued by a European data protection … Continue Reading

UK Information Commissioner’s Office Publishes Draft Guidance on Consent under the GDPR

By Dan Cooper and Rosie Klement On March 2, 2017, the Information Commissioner’s Office (“ICO”) released draft guidance for UK organizations on how the notion of consent will be interpreted and applied when the General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) comes into force in May 2018. The ICO is currently engaging in a public consultation on … Continue Reading

Senators Seek Answers from DHS on Privacy Aspects of Trump Order, Including Privacy Shield

On February 9, 2017, six Democratic senators wrote to DHS Secretary John Kelly about their concerns over a Trump executive order that would remove Privacy Act protections for non-U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents. Senators Ed Markey (MA), Ron Wyden (OR), Jeff Merkley (OR), Al Franken (MN), Chris Coons (DE), and Mazie Hirono (HI) wrote … Continue Reading

European Commission Dismisses Privacy Shield Concerns Over Trump Executive Order

On January 25, 2017, President Trump signed a new Executive Order on Enhancing Public Safety in the Interior of the U.S.  Among other elements, the Executive Order directs U.S. government agencies to “ensure that their privacy policies exclude persons who are not United States citizens or lawful permanent residents from the protections of the Privacy … Continue Reading

Switzerland and US Announce New Commercial Data Transfer Framework

On January 12, 2017, the U.S. Federal Trade Commission announced the adoption of a Swiss-U.S. Privacy Shield, to replace the existing Swiss-U.S. Safe Harbor Agreement.  Companies have a three month grace period to switch from the old to the new regime. The Swiss version of the Privacy Shield had to be negotiated following the invalidation … Continue Reading

EU Commissioner Plans to Assess U.S. Privacy Shield Commitments

In an interview with Politico (link requires a subscription), EU Justice Commissioner Věra Jourová, one of the principal architects of the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield, indicated that she plans to visit the U.S. once the Trump Administration is in place to assess the state of the new administration’s commitment to the Privacy Shield.  In the interview, … Continue Reading
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