Injunctive Relief

The EU Representative Actions Directive (“RAD”) was meant to have been transposed by all EU member states by December 25, 2022. However, the EU Commission announced on January 27, 2023, that only three out of the 27 EU member states have properly transposed the RAD into their national legislation as required, and that it will now start issuing formal notices to the remaining countries to transpose the RAD as soon as possible.

As reported in our previous blog post, the RAD aims to harmonize member state frameworks on collective actions (i.e., whereby multiple claimants may lodge a claim or claims as a group) across the EU. It sets minimum requirements with respect to collective actions on a wide range of topics, including data protection matters (see also our blog post on the implications of RAD for data protection infringements and our separate blog post on the Court of Justice of the EU’s interpretation of Article 80(2) GDPR on data protection-related collective actions). This blogpost provides an overview of the RAD and its implementation status by EU member states.Continue Reading National Transposition of the EU Representative Actions Directive: What is the Current Status?

Under the Data Protection Directive (now superseded by the General Data Protection Regulation, “GDPR”), it was disputed whether a violation of the German Data Protection Law transposing the Directive could serve as a basis for anti-competition claims under the German Act Against Unfair Competition (“Gesetz gegen den unlauteren Wettbewerb”, “UWG”).  Since the entry